Some references contain a link to an abstract, some to the original pdf. A letter D indicates that it makes sense to mail the webmaster who can maybe provide you a copy if you need it. They are located in a Google Drive folder.

Originals as pdf will open in a new window.




























A         Back

Akani e.a. 1999
Godfrey C. Akani, Ikomah F. Barieenee, Dario Capizzi and Luca Luiselli. Snake communities of moist rainforest and derived savanna sites of Nigeria: biodiversity patterns and conservation priorities. Biodiversity and Conservation 8: 629–642, 1999.

Akani e.a. 2002a
Godfrey C. Akani, Luca Luiselli, Sunday M. Wariboko, Linda Ude and Francesco M. Angelici. Frequency of tail autotomy in the African Olive Grass Snake, Psammophis ‘phillipsii’ from three habitats in southern Nigeria. African Journal of Herpetology, 2002 51(2): 143-146.

Akani e.a. 2002b
Godfrey C. Akani, Edem A. Eniang, Itohowo J. Ekpo, Francesco M. Angelici and Luca Luiselli, 2002. Thermal and reproductive ecology of the snake Psammophis phillipsi from the rainforest region of southern Nigeria. Herpetological Journal, vol. 12, pp. 63-67 (2002).

Akani e.a. 2003
Godfrey C. Akani, Edem A. Eniang, Itohowo J. Ekpo, Francesco M. Angelici, and Luca Luiselli,4 Food Habits of the Snake Psammophis phillipsi from the Continuous Rain-Forest Region of Southern Nigeria (West Africa). Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 208–211, 2003

Alberts 1992
Allison C. Alberts.  Constraints on the Design of Chemical Communication Systems in Terrestrial Vertebrates. The American Naturalist, Vol. 139, Supplement: Sensory Drive. Does Sensory Drive Biology Bias or Constrain the Direction of Evolution? (Mar., 1992), pp. S62-S89.

Allam&Abo-Eleneen 2012
Ahmed A. Ailam and Rasha E. Abo-Eleneen. Scales microstructure of snakes from the Egyptian area. Zoological Science 29: 770-775 (2012)

Amol e.a. 2012
Kumbhar Amol, Pradhan Anup, Patwardhan Gaurang, Pande Anant, Lahkar Dipankar. Note on Observed Snakes in Satpura Tiger Reserve and Record of Psammophis Longifrons Boulenger,1896 Madhya Pradesh, India.
Universal Journal of Environmental Research and Technology.

Amr and Disi 2011
Zuhair S. Amr & Ahmad M. Disi. Systematics, Distribution and Ecology of the Snakes of Jordan. Vertebrate Zoology, 61 (2): 179-266. Museum für Tierkunde Dresden, 2011.

Ananjeva and Orlov 1994
N. B. Ananjeva and N. L. Orlov, Caudal autotomy in colubrid snake Xenochrophis piscator from Vietnam. Russian Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1994, pp. 169 – 171

Anderson, J., 1898. 'Reptilia and Batrachia.' In: Zoology of Egypt, Vol. 1. London (Quaritch); reprinted 1965. Weinstein (Cramer), p. I-XV, 1-371.

Anthes 2013
Emily Anthes. Coldblooded Does Not Mean Stupid-Reptilian Smarts: New research is showing that lizards, turtles and snakes are more intelligent than previously believed. HerpDigest, published: November 18, 2013

Arndt 1981
Arndt, W., 1981. 'Afrikanische Sandrenn-Nattern im Terrarium.' herpetofauna 3(15):25-26.

Arnold 2002
Arnold, E.N., 2002. History and Function of Scale Microornamentation in Lacertid Lizards. Journal Of Morphology 252:145–169 (2002)

Auerbach, Ronald Daniel, 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants. Gaborone.


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Bansode 2016
Bansode, S.A., More, V.R. and Mirza, K.A. A Study on snakes from Mokhada and Jawhar (Dist. Palghar) Maharashtra, India. Internationa; Journal of Fauna and Biological Sstudies 2016: 3(5): 103-115

Barnett and Emms, 2005
Linda Barnett and Craig Emms. Common Reptiles of the Gambia. Printed in the UK by Rare Repro, Hailsham, East Sussex. ISBN Number: 0-9547387-2-1.

Barve a.o. 2013.
Barve, Sahas, Dhiraj Bhaisare, Ajay Giri, P. Gowri Shankar, Romulus Whitaker and Matt Goode. A Preliminary Study of Translocation of "rescues"King Cobras (Ophiopophagus hannah). Hamadryad Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 80-86.

Barve 2017
Translocation Tragedies: Are We Really “Rescuing” Snakes? Conservation India.

Bezy, Robert L.  and Robert C. Drewes, 1985
Specific status of the East African Colubrid Snake, Psammophis tanganicus. Journal of Herpetology 19, No. 2, pp. 246-253.

Boettger 1883
Boettger, Oskar. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Marocco II. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Gesellschaft 13: 93-146 (1883)

Boettger, 1889.
Dr. Oskar Boettger. Bericht über die Leistungen in der Herpetologie während des Jahres 1888. Archiv für Naturgeschichte. 55. Jhrg. Berlin, 1889.

Bogert, 1940
C.M. Bogert, Herpetological results of the Vernay Angola expedition. Part 1. Snakes, including an arrangement of the African Colubridae, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 77 (1940) pp. 1–107.

Bogert, C.M. 1942
Snakes Secured by the Snyder East African Expedition in Kenya Colony and Tanganyika Territory. American Museum Novitates, Number 1178, Published by The American Museum Of Natural History. New York City July 27, 1942.

Böhme, 1978
W. Böhme, Zur Herpetofaunistik des Senegal, Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 29 (1978), pp. 360–417.

Böhme, 1986a
W. Böhme, Preliminary note on the taxonomic status of Psammophis leucogaster Spawls, 1983 (Colubridae: Psammophini), Litter. Serpent. 6 (1986), pp. 171–180.

Böhme 1986b
Böhme, Wolfgang, 1986. 'Een voorlopige notitie over de taxonomische status van Psammophis leucogaster Spawls, 1983 (Colubridae: Psammophini)'. In: Litteratura Serpentium 6(5):179-189.

Böhme and Schneider, 1987
W. Böhme and B. Schneider, Zur Herpetofaunistik Kameruns (III) mit Bescreibung einer neuen Cardioglossa (Anura: Arthropleptidae), Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 38 (1987), pp. 241–263.

Böhme & De Pury 2011
Wolfgang Böhme & Stéphanie de Pury. A note on the generic allocation of Coluber moilensis Reuss, 1834 (Serpentes: Psammophiidae). SALAMANDRA 47(2)
120–123 20 May 2011

Boulenger 1891
Boulenger, George A. 1891. Catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Barbary (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia), based chiefly upon the notes and collections made in 1880-1884 by M. Fernand Lataste. Tr. Zool. Soc. 13: 93-164

Boulenger 1895
Boulenger, G.A. 1895. An account of the reptiles and batrachians collected by Dr. A. Donaldson Smith in western Somaliland and the Galla Country. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1895: 530-540

Bour e.a. 2017
Roger Bour, Marc Cheylan, Marie-Dominique Wandhammer. Jean Hermann, l’holotype et le néotype de la Couleuvre de Montpellier, Coluber monspessulanus Hermann, 1804 (Reptilia, Squamata). Publié le 30 juin 2017. ZOOSYSTEMA • 2017 • 39 (2)

Boulenger, 1896
G.A. Boulenger, Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History) vol. 3, Taylor and Francis, London (1896).

Bourgeois, 1968
M. Bourgeois, Contribution à la morphologie comparée du crâne des Ophidiens de l’Afrique Centrale, Publications de l’Université Officielle du Congo vol. XVIII (1968), pp. 1–293.

Branch 1988
Bill Branche's Field Guide to the Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. London, New Holland.

Branch, 1998
W.R. Branch, A Field Guide to the Snakes and other Reptiles of Southern Africa, Struik Publishers, Cape Town (1998).

Brandstätter, 1995
Brandstätter, F., 1995. Eine Revision der Gattung Psammophis mit Berücksichtigung der Schwestergattungen innerhalb der Tribus Psammophiini (Colubridae: Lycodontinae). Teil 1: Die Gattungen und Arten der Tribus Psammophiini. Teil 2: Rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen zur Schuppenultrastruktur bei den Arten der Tribus Psammophiini mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Arten der Gattung Psammophis. Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften, Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken, 480 pp.

Broadley 1959
The snakes of Southern Rhodesia. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. Cambridge, Mass.The Museum, v.120 (1959): http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/26730

Broadley 1961
Donald G. Broadley. A Provisional Check List of the Snakes of Rhodesia and
Nyasaland, incorporating proposed English names for species. The Journal of the Herpetological Society of Rhodesia, No. 15, June 1961, p. 3-6

Broadley, Donald G. 1961
Three new snakes added to the Southern Rhodesia list. The Journal of the Herpetological Association of Rhodesia 15 (June 1961)

Broadley, 1966
D.G. Broadley, A review of the African Stripe-bellied Sand-snakes of the genus Psammophis, Arnoldia (Rhod.) 2 (1966), pp. 1–9.

Broadley, 1971
D.G. Broadley, A review of Rhamphiophis acutus (Günther) with the description of a new subspecies from Zambia (Serpentes: Colubridae), Arnoldia (Rhod.) 5 (1971), pp. 1–8.

Broadley, 1975
D.G. Broadley, A review of Psammophis leightoni and Psammophis notostictus in Southern Africa (Serpentes: Colubridae), Arnoldia (Rhod.) 7 (1975), pp. 1–17.

Broadley, 1977a
D.G. Broadley, A review of the Genus Psammophis in southern Africa (Serpentes: Colubridae), Arnoldia (Rhod.) 8 (1977), pp. 1–29.

Broadley, 1977b
D.G. Broadley, A revision of the African snakes of the genus Psammophylax Fitzinger (Colubridae), Occ. Pap. Natl. Mus. Rhod., Ser. B 6 (1977), pp. 1–44.

Broadley, 1983
D.G. Broadley, FitzSimons’ Snakes of Southern Africa revised ed., Delta Books, Johannesburg (1983).

Broadley, 1987.
D.G. Broadley, Caudal autotomy in African Snakes of the Genera Natriciteres LOVERIDGE and Psammophis BOIE. The Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa. Vol. 33, Issue 1, p. 18-19. 1987. 

Broadley and Howell, 1991
D.G. Broadley and K.M. Howell, A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys, Syntarsus 1 (1991), pp. 1–70.

Broadley and Hughes, 2000
D.G. Broadley and B. Hughes, A revision of the African genus Hemirhagerrhis Boettger 1893 (Serpentes: Colubridae), Syntarsus 6 (2000), pp. 1–17.

Broadley, Donald G. 2002.
A review of the species of Psammophis Boie found south of Latitude 12° S (Serpentes: Psammophiinae). African Journal of Herpetology, 2002 51(2): 83-119.

Buck 2005
Linda B. Buck. Unraveling the Sense of Smell (Nobel Lecture). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2005, 44, 6128 – 6140

Butler 1993
Joseph A. Butler, 1993. Seasonal Reproduction in the African Olive Grass Snake, Psammophis phillipsi (Serpentes:Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 27, No. 2 (Jun., 1993), pp. 144-148.


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Caro e.a. 2011
Tim Caro, Owen ‘Squack’ Evans, Emily Fitzherbert, Toby A. Gardner, Kim Howell, Robert Drewes and H. Bradley Shaffer. Reptiles of Katavi National Park, western Tanzania, are from different biomes. African Journal of Ecology 49: 377–382

Carranza et al., 2006
S. Carranza, E.N. Arnold and J.M. Pleguezuelos, Phylogeny, biogeography, and evolution of two Mediterranean snakes, Malpolon monspessulanus and Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Squamata, Colubridae), using mtDNA sequences, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 40 (2006), pp. 532–546.

Cawardine 1988
Mark Carwardine. The Nature of Zambia: A Guide to Conservation and Development. Conservation and Development Center, IUCN, Switzerland, Rev. and repr. 1988. (Orig. 1987)

Chandra & Gajbe 2005
Kailash Chandra and Pawan U. Gajbe. An inventory of herpetofauna of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Zoos' Print journal 20(3): 1812-1819.

Chippaux, 2001
J.-P. Chippaux, Les serpents d’Afrique occidentale et centrale, IRD Éditions, Paris (2001).

Chirio and Ineich, 1991
Chirio, L., Ineich, I. 1991. Les genres Rhamphiophis Peters, 1854 et Dipsina Jan, 1863 (Serpentes: Colubridae): revue des taxons reconnus et description d’une espèce nouvelle. Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat., Paris., 4e sér., 13A, 217-235.

Colli 2007
Cesare Colli, Breeding Malpolon monspessulanus monspessulanus(Montpellier snake). Litteratura Serpentium, Volume 27: 2 (2007). page 69-73.

Colli 2016
Cesare Colli. Another case of cannibalism in Psammophis sibilans? 2016

Colli 2018
Breeding of Psammophis phillipsi in 2018.
PDF: click hier.

Comazzi and Colli, 2007
C. Comazzi & C. Colli, The Snakes of the Genus Psammophis. Part 1: Biology and Systematics. - Reptilia (55): 72-79.

Comazzi and Colli, 2008
Carlo Comazzi and Cesare Colli. The Snakes of the Genus Psammophis. Part 2: Captive Breeding, 2008 - Reptilia (56): 72-77.

Corkill 1935
N.L. Corkill, M.D., A guide to the species represented in the collection in the natural history museum Khartoum. Sudan Government Museum (Natural History) Publication no. 3. August, 1935

Cottone, Amanda M. , Aaron M. Bauer, 2008a
Prey excavation by Psammophylax rhombeatus rhombeatus (Colubridae: Psammophiinae) from South Africa.
Herpetological Bulletin, 103.

Cottone, Amanda M. and Aaron M. Bauer. 2008b
Tail autotomy. Psammophylax r. rhombeatus (Linnaeus, 1758) and Psammophis spp.
Rhombic Skaapsteker and Sand Snakes.
African Herp News 44, April 2008.

Cottone, Amanda M. and Aaron M. Bauer. 2008c
Psammophylax r. rhombeatus (Linnaeus, 1758). Rhombic Skaapsteker. Behaviour.
African Herp News 44, April 2008.

Amanda M. Cottone, Aaron M. Bauer, 2009
Sexual size dimorphism, diet, and reproductive biology of the Afro-Asian Sand Snake, Psammophis schokari (Psammophiidae).
Amphibia-Reptilia 30 (2009): 331-340

Cottone & Bauer 2009b
Amanda M. Cottone, Aaron M. Bauer. Self-rubbing and substrate marking by the Rhombic Skaapsteker, Psammophylax rhombeatus rhombeatus (LINNAEUS, 1758). Short Note, Herpetozoa 21 (3/4) Wien, 30. Jänner 2009

Cottone, Amanda M.  and Aaron M. Bauer, 2010
Sexual Dimorphism, Diet, Reproduction, and Their Geographic Variation in Sympatric Psammophiids, Psammophis crucifer and Psammophylax rhombeatus rhombeatus, from Southern Africa.
Copeia, Volume 2010, Issue 4 (December 2010)

Cottone, Amanda M. & and Aaron M. Bauer, 2011
Variably occurring parietal pits in psammophiid snakes (Squamata: Serpentes): convergent expression of ancestral skin traits?
Herpetology Notes, volume 4: 381-385 (2011) (published online on 7 November 2011)

Cottone and Bauer 2013
Amanda M. Cottone and Aaron M. Bauer. The Vernal Spatial Ecology and Mating Behaviors of the Rhombic Skaapsteker, Psammophylax rhombeatus rhombeatus (Serpentes: Psammophiidae), from the Western Cape, South Africa. Copeia, 2013(2):194-200. 2013.


D        Back

Darevsky 1956
Darevsky, I. S. (1956). O stroyenni i funktsionirovani nosovoy zhelezy u yashtsheritsnoy zmei Malpolon monspessulanus Herm. (Reptilia, Serpentes)(On the structure and function of the nasal gland in the lizard snake). Zool. Zh.-Moskva, 35, 312-314.

De Haan 1982
Haan, C.C. de, 1982. 'Description du comportement de 'frottement' et notes sur la reproduction et la fonction maxillaire de la Couleuvre de Montpellier Malpolon monspessulanus. Remarques comparatives avec Malpolon moilensis et Psammophis spp. Bull. Soc. Herp. France, No. 23:35-49 / Errata: No. 25:69.

De Haan 1999
de Haan, C. 1999. Malpolon monspessulanus. In: Böhme, W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, pp. 661-756.. Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden.
There is a Word document (*.doc) wherein several large parts of the originial German text are translated in English. In blue text the untranslated German parts are between the translated parts, so that the document is complete. Ask for it in a mail to the webmaster.

De Haan 2003
Extrabuccal infralabial secretion outlets in Dromophis, Mimophis and Psammophis species (Serpentes, Colubridae, Psammophiini). A probable substitute for ‘self-rubbing’ and cloacal scent gland functions, and a cue for a taxonomic account. C. R. Biologies 326 (2003) 275–286

De Haan 2003b
Cornelius C. de Haan. Sense-organ-like parietal pits found in Psammophiini (Serpentes, Colubridae). C. R. Biologies 326 (2003) 287–293.

De Haan & Cluchier, 2006
Cornelius C. de Haan, Alexandre Cluchier, Chemical marking behaviour in the psammophiine snakes Malpolon monspessulanus and Psammophis phillipsi. Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica. pp. 211-212 (2006)

De Pury 2010
Pury,Stéphanie de. Analysis of the Rubbing Behaviour of Psammophiids: A Methodological Approach. Diss. Bonn, 2010.

De Pury & Böhme 2013
De Pury, Stéphanie & Wolfgang Böhme (2013): A contribution to the understanding of the self-rubbing behaviour in psammophiid snakes (Squamata: Psammophiidae). - Salamandra 49(1) 18–30.

Deso e.a. 2021
Grégory Deso, Xavier Bonnet, Cornélius De Haan, Gilles Garnier, Nicolas Dubos, and Jean-Marie Ballouard. Snake overboard! Observations of marine swimming in Malpolon monspessulanus. Herpetology Notes, volume 14: 593-596 (2021) (published online on 29 March 2021)

Deufela and Cundall 2006
Alexandra Deufel and David Cundall, 2006. Functional plasticity of the venom delivery system in snakes with a focus on the poststrike prey release behaviors. Zoologischer Anzeiger 245 (2006) 249–267

Drewes and Spawls 1973
Drewes,R.C. & Spawls,S. 1973. The occurrence of the colubrid snake, Psammophis pulcher, in Kenya. Herpetologica 29: 306-307

Dunson e.a. 1978
Dunson, W. A., M. K. Dunson & A. D. Keith (1978): The nasal gland of the Montpellier Snake Malpolon monspessulanus: Fine structure, secretion composition, and a possible role in reduction of dermal water loss. – Journal of Experimental Zoology, 203: 461–474.


E        Back

Ernst e.a. 1999
Carl H. Ernst, Trooper Walsh and Arndt F. Lammerzahl, 1999. Reproduction of the Rufous-Beaked snake, Rhamphiophis oxyrhynchus (Colubridae, Lamprophiinae). British Herpetological Society Bulletin, No. 66.

F        Back

Feriche e.a. 2008
Monica Feriche, Juan M. Pleguezuelos, and Xavier Santos. Reproductive Ecology of the Montpellier Snake, Malpolon monspessulanus (Colubridae), and Comparison with Other Sympatric Colubrids in the Iberian Peninsula. Copeia 2008, No. 2, 279–285

Figueroa e.a. 2016
Figueroa A, McKelvy AD, Grismer LL, Bell CD, Lailvaux SP (2016) A Species-Level Phylogeny of Extant Snakes with Description of a New Colubrid
Subfamily and Genus. PLoS ONE 11(9)

Fischer and Lindenmayer 2000
J. Fischer , D.B. Lindenmayer, An assessment of the published results of animal relocations. Biological Conservation, Volume 96, Issue 1, November 2000, Pages 1–11.

Fitzsimons and Brain 1958
Fitzsimons, V. and C.K. Brain, 1958. A Short Account of the Reptiles of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park. Koedoe - African Protected Area Conservation and Science

Flemming 1994
A.F. Flemming. Reproductive cycles of the snakes Psammophis crucifer, P. leightoni trinasalis and P. notostictus (Serpentes: Colubridae) in the Orange Free State, South Africa. J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr. 43: 19–27.

Flemming, A. F. and R. M. Douglas 1997.
The reproductive cycle of Psammophylax r. rhombeatus (Serpentes: Colubridae) in the Free State. Proceedings of the Third Herpetological Association of Africa Symposium 1:164.

Folstad and Karter 1992
Ivar Folstad and Andrew John Karter. Parasites, 1992. Bright Males, and the Immunocompetence Handicap. The American Naturalist, Vol. 139, No. 3 (Mar., 1992), pp. 603-622

Franch & San Sebastián 2013
Marc Franch and Olatz San Sebastián. A case of cannibalism by an extra large female of Malpolon monspessulanus (Montpellier snake) in the Iberian Peninsula. Herpetology Notes, volume 6: 379-380 (2013) (published online on 23 August 2013)

Freedman e.a. 2008 (Click for full text)
Adam H. Freedman, Wolfgang Buermann, Matthew Lebreton, Laurent Chirio and Thomas B. Smith. 2008. Modeling the Effects of Anthropogenic Habitat Change on Savanna Snake Invasions into African Rainforest. Conservation Biology, Volume 23, No. 1, 81–92

Fry e.a. 2003
Bryan G. Fry, Wolfgang Wüster, Sheik Fadil Ryan Ramjan, Timothy Jackson, Paolo Martelli and R. Manjunatha Kini. Analysis of Colubroidea snake venoms by liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry: evolutionary and toxinological implications. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2003; 17: 2047–2062.

Fry e.a. 2012
Bryan G. Fry, Nicholas R. Casewell, Wolfgang Wüster, Nicolas Vidal, Bruce Young, Timothy N.W. Jackson. The structural and functional diversification of the Toxicofera reptile venom system. Toxicon 60 (2012) 434–448.


G        Back

Ganesh, S.R., V. Sharma & M.B. Guptha (2017)
S.R. Ganesh, Vivek Sharma & M. Bubesh Guptha. Records of the Indian Sand Snake Psammophis condanarus (Merrem, 1820) (Reptilia: Lamprophiidae) in southern India. In: Journal of Threatened Taxa | www.threatenedtaxa.org | 26 July 2017 | 9(7): 10453–10458

Gasc et al., 1997
Gasc, J.P., Cabela, A., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Dolmen, D., Grossenbacher, K., Haffner, P., Lescure, J., Martens, H., Martínez Rica, J.P., Maurin, H., Oliveira, M.E., Sofianidou, T.S., Veith, M., Zuiderwijk, A. (Eds.), 1997. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Europe. In: Collection Patrimoines Naturels, vol. 29. Societas Europaea Herpetologica, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle & Service du Petrimone Naturel, Paris.

Geniez et al., 2006
P. Geniez, A. Cluchier and C.C. de Haan, A multivariate analysis of the morphology of the colubrid snake Malpolon monspessulanus in Morocco and Western Sahara: biogeographic and systematic implications, Salamandra 42 (2006), pp. 65–82.

Glaw and Vences, 1994
F. Glaw and M. Vences, A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of Madagascar (second ed.), Vences and Glaw, Köln (1994).

Goodman & Hobbs 1994
Steven M. Goodman & Joseph J. Hobbs. The distribution and ethnozoology of reptiles of the northern portion of the Egyptian eastern desert. J. Ethnobiol. 14(1):75-100.

Gravlund, 2001
P. Gravlund, Radiation within the advanced snakes (Caenophidia) with special emphasis on African opistoglyph colubrids, based on mitochondrial sequence data, Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 72 (2001), pp. 99–114.

Greenbaum & Carrr 2005
Eli Greenbaum & John L. Carr, The Herpetofauna of Upper Niger National Park, Guinea, West Africa. Natural History MuseumThe University of Kansas Scientific Papers 37: 1-21 March 2005

Günther 1864
Albert C. L. G. Günther. The reptiles of British India. London, published for the Ray Society by Robert Hardwicke, 1864

Günther 1888
A. Günther. Contribution to the Knowledge of Snakes of Tropical Africa. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History; Zoology, Botany, and Geology being a Continuation of the Annals combined with Loudon and Charlesworth's Magazine of Natural History. London,Taylor and Francis, Ltd.
6th ser. v. 1 (1888): http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84521


H        Back

Håkansson 2009
N. Thomas Håkansson. Reptiles and amphibians from the Kenyan coastal hinterland. Number 107 - Herpetological Bulletin [2009]

Håkansson 1981
An annotated checklist of reptiles known to occur in the Gambia. Journal of herpetology, Vol. 15 (April 30, 1981), pp. 155-161.

Hartmann, Timo, Markus Handschuh and Wolfgang Böhme, 2011 First record of Psammophis indochinensis Smith, 1943 from Cambodia, within the context of a distributional species account. Cambodian Journal of Natural History, July 2011 Vol 2011 No. 1

Hoogmoed and Avila-Peres 2011
Hoogmoed, M. S. & T. C. S. Avila-Pires, 2011. A case of voluntary tail autotomy in the snake Dendrophidion dendrophis (Schlegel,1837 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Naturais 6(2): 113-117.

Hoser 2012
Raymond T. Hoser. A division of the African Genus Psammophis Boie, 1825 into 4 genera and four further subgenera (Serpentes: Psammophiinae). Australasian Journal of Herpetology 12:26-31. Published 30 April 2012.

Hughes 1983
B. Hughes. African snake faunas. Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 34 (1983), Heft 1-3

Hughes, 1999
B. Hughes, Critical review of a revision of Psammophis (Linnaeus 1758) (Serpentes, Reptilia) by Frank Brandstätter, Afr. J. Herpetol. 48 (1999), pp. 63–70.

Hughes and Wade, 2002
B. Hughes and E. Wade, On the African leopard whip snake, Psammophis leopardinus Bocage, 1887 (Serpentes, Colubridae), with the description of a new species from Zambia, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Zool.) 68 (2002), pp. 75–81.

Hughes, 2004a
B. Hughes, Misidentification of Dromophis lineatus (Dumèril & Bibron, 1854) as Psammophis sibilans (Linnè 1758) and the perpetuation of error, Afr. J. Herpetol. 53 (2004), pp. 63–76.

Hughes and Wade, 2004b
B. Hughes and E. Wade, Is Psammophis sibilans occidentalis Werner, 1919 a junior synonym of P. phillipsii (Hallowell, 1844)?, Herpetozoa 16 (2004), pp. 127–132.

Husemann e.a. 2014.
Martin Husemann,Thomas Schmitt, Frank E. Zachos, Werner Ulrich, Jan Christian Habel. Palaearctic biogeography revisited: evidence for the existence of a North African refugium for Western Palaearctic biota. Journal of Biogeography, Volume 41,Issue 1, pages 81-94, January 2014. Article first published online: 2 AUG 2013.

Hussien & Hussein 2013
Nahed A. Hussien and Rehab M. Hussein, 2013. Morphological and Molecular Polymorphism of Snake Psammophis schokari (Colubridae) in the Desert-Mountain and Coastal Areas of Egypt. World Applied Sciences Journal 27 (8): 996-1004, 2013


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Ibrahim 2008
Adel A. Ibrahim. Amphibians and reptiles of the Suez Canal University campuses, Egypt. Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science at Suez, Suez Canal University, Egypt. Herpetological Bulletin [2008] Number 105

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New locality records of the Stout Sand Snake Psammophis longifrons Boulenger, 1890 (Reptilia: Squamata: Lamprophiidae) in Telangana, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(11): 10968–10970; http://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3449.9.11.10968-10970

Vyas 2000
Raju Vyas. A review of reptile studies in Gujarat State. Zoos' Print Journal. Volume XV, Number 12, December 2000 (RNI 2:3): 386-390

Vyas and Patel, 2013
Raju Vyas and Harshil Patel. Notes on Distribution and Natural History of Psammophis longifrons Boulenger 1896 (Serpentes: Psammophiidae: Psammophiinae) in Gujarat, India. Russian Journal of Herpetology Vol. 20, No. 3, 2013, pp. 217 – 222.


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Wade 2005
Juli Wade. Current research on the behavioral neuroendocrinology of reptiles. Hormones and Behavior 48 (2005) 451 – 460

Wagner e.a. 2008
Philipp Wagner, Jörn Köhler, Andreas Schmitz and Wolfgang Böhme. The biogeographical assignment of a west Kenyan rain forest remnant: further evidence from analysis of its reptile fauna. Journal of Biogeography (2008) 35, 1349 - 1361.

Walker e.a. 2009
Mindy L . Walker, Jennifer A. Dorr, Rebecca J. B enjamin, and George R. P isani, 2009. Successful Relocation of a Threatened Suburban Population of Timber Rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus): Combining Snake Ecology, Politics, and Education. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibia ns • Vol 16, N o 4 • DEC 2009

Wall, F. 1908.
Notes on a collection of snakes from Persia. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 795-805

Wall, F. 1911.
Remarks on a snake collection in the Quetta museum. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 20: 1033-1042 - get paper here

Wall & Shine 2009
Michael Wall & Richard Shine. The relationship between foraging ecology and lizard chemoreception: can a snake analogue (Burton’s Legless Lizard, Lialis burtonis) detect prey scent? Ethology 115 (2009) 264–272.

Weinstein e.a. 2013
Scott A. Weinstein, Julian White, Daniel E. Keyler, David A. Warrell. Non-front-fanged colubroid snakes: A current evidence-based analysis of medical significance

Weinstein, Griffin and Ismail 2014
S. A. Weinstein, R. Griffin, and A. K. Ismail. Non-front-fanged colubroid ( “ colubrid ” ) snakebites: Three cases of local envenoming by the mangrove or ringed cat-eyed snake ( Boiga dendrophila ; Colubridae, Colubrinae), the Western
beaked snake ( Rhamphiophis oxyrhynchus ; Lamprophiidae, Psammophinae) and the rain forest cat-eyed snake (Leptodeira frenata ; Dipsadidae)
Clinical Toxicology (2014), 52, 277–282
ISSN: 1556-3650 print / 1556-9519 online
DOI: 10.3109/15563650.2014.897352

Weldon e.a. 2008
Weldon, P. J., B. Flachsbarth & S. Schulz (2008). Natural products from the integument of nonavian reptiles. – Natural Product Reports, 25: 738–756.

Werner 1919.
Werner F. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der mit Unterstützung der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien aus der Erbschaft Treitl von F. Werner unternommenen zoologischen Expedition nach dem anglo-Ägyptischen Sudan (Kordofan) 1914. Denkschriften Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Band 96. Wien 1919.

Wogan e.a. 2008
Guinevere O. U. Wogan, Jens V. Vindum, Jeffery A. Wilkinson, Michelle S. Koo, Joseph B. Slowinski, Htun Win, Thin Thin, Sai Wunna Kyi, San Lwin Oo, Kyi Soe Lwin and Awan Khwi Shein.

Wyatt 2003
Tristram D. Wyatt. Pheromones and animal behaviour. Communication by smell and taste. Cambridge University Press. 


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Yousefkhani e.a. 2014
Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani, Masoud Yousefi, Ali Khani and Eskandar Rastegar Pouyani. Snake fauna of Shirahmad wildlife refuge and Parvand protected area, Khorasan Razavi province, Iran. Herpetology Notes, volume 7: 75-82 (2014) (published online on 4 February 2014)


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Bibliographical works

Leviton and Anderson 2013.
Alan E. Leviton and Steven C. Anderson. The Herpetological Literature of Southwestern Asia. And Indexed Bibliography. Second edition. California Academy of Sciences, 2013.