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A         Back

Akani e.a. 1999
Godfrey C. Akani, Ikomah F. Barieenee, Dario Capizzi and Luca Luiselli. Snake communities of moist rainforest and derived savanna sites of Nigeria: biodiversity patterns and conservation priorities. Biodiversity and Conservation 8: 629–642, 1999.
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Akani e.a. 2002a
Godfrey C. Akani, Luca Luiselli, Sunday M. Wariboko, Linda Ude and Francesco M. Angelici. Frequency of tail autotomy in the African Olive Grass Snake, Psammophis ‘phillipsii’ from three habitats in southern Nigeria. African Journal of Herpetology, 2002 51(2): 143-146.
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Akani e.a. 2002b
Godfrey C. Akani, Edem A. Eniang, Itohowo J. Ekpo, Francesco M. Angelici and Luca Luiselli, 2002. Thermal and reproductive ecology of the snake Psammophis phillipsi from the rainforest region of southern Nigeria. Herpetological Journal, vol. 12, pp. 63-67 (2002).
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Akani e.a. 2003
Godfrey C. Akani, Edem A. Eniang, Itohowo J. Ekpo, Francesco M. Angelici, and Luca Luiselli,4 Food Habits of the Snake Psammophis phillipsi from the Continuous Rain-Forest Region of Southern Nigeria (West Africa). Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 208–211, 2003
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Alberts 1992
Allison C. Alberts.  Constraints on the Design of Chemical Communication Systems in Terrestrial Vertebrates. The American Naturalist, Vol. 139, Supplement: Sensory Drive. Does Sensory Drive Biology Bias or Constrain the Direction of Evolution? (Mar., 1992), pp. S62-S89.
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Allam&Abo-Eleneen 2012
Ahmed A. Ailam and Rasha E. Abo-Eleneen. Scales microstructure of snakes from the Egyptian area. Zoological Science 29: 770-775 (2012)
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Amr and Disi 2011
Zuhair S. Amr & Ahmad M. Disi. Systematics, Distribution and Ecology of the Snakes of Jordan. Vertebrate Zoology, 61 (2): 179-266. Museum für Tierkunde Dresden, 2011.
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Ananjeva and Orlov 1994
N. B. Ananjeva and N. L. Orlov, Caudal autotomy in colubrid snake Xenochrophis piscator from Vietnam. Russian Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1994, pp. 169 – 171
 

Anderson1898
Anderson, J., 1898. 'Reptilia and Batrachia.' In: Zoology of Egypt, Vol. 1. London (Quaritch); reprinted 1965. Weinstein (Cramer), p. I-XV, 1-371.

Anthes 2013
Emily Anthes. Coldblooded Does Not Mean Stupid-Reptilian Smarts: New research is showing that lizards, turtles and snakes are more intelligent than previously believed. HerpDigest, published: November 18, 2013
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Arndt 1981
Arndt, W., 1981. 'Afrikanische Sandrenn-Nattern im Terrarium.' herpetofauna 3(15):25-26.

Arnold 2002
Arnold, E.N., 2002. History and Function of Scale Microornamentation in Lacertid Lizards. Journal Of Morphology 252:145–169 (2002)
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Auerbach1987.
Auerbach, Ronald Daniel, 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants. Gaborone.

 

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Barnett and Emms, 2005
Linda Barnett and Craig Emms. Common Reptiles of the Gambia. Printed in the UK by Rare Repro, Hailsham, East Sussex. ISBN Number: 0-9547387-2-1.
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Barve a.o. 2013.
Barve, Sahas, Dhiraj Bhaisare, Ajay Giri, P. Gowri Shankar, Romulus Whitaker and Matt Goode. A Preliminary Study of Translocation of "rescues"King Cobras (Ophiopophagus hannah). Hamadryad Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 80-86.

Bezy, Robert L.  and Robert C. Drewes, 1985
Specific status of the East African Colubrid Snake, Psammophis tanganicus. Journal of Herpetology 19, No. 2, pp. 246-253.
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Abstract

Boettger 1883
Boettger, Oskar. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Marocco II. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Gesellschaft 13: 93-146 (1883)

Boettger, 1889.
Dr. Oskar Boettger. Bericht über die Leistungen in der Herpetologie während des Jahres 1888. Archiv für Naturgeschichte. 55. Jhrg. Berlin, 1889.

Bogert, 1940
C.M. Bogert, Herpetological results of the Vernay Angola expedition. Part 1. Snakes, including an arrangement of the African Colubridae, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 77 (1940) pp. 1–107.
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Bogart, C.M. 1942
Snakes Secured by the Snyder East African Expedition in Kenya Colony and Tanganyika Territory. American Museum Novitates, Number 1178, Published by The American Museum Of Natural History. New York City July 27, 1942.
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Böhme, 1978
W. Böhme, Zur Herpetofaunistik des Senegal, Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 29 (1978), pp. 360–417.

Böhme, 1986a
W. Böhme, Preliminary note on the taxonomic status of Psammophis leucogaster Spawls, 1983 (Colubridae: Psammophini), Litter. Serpent. 6 (1986), pp. 171–180.

Böhme 1986b
Böhme, Wolfgang, 1986. 'Een voorlopige notitie over de taxonomische status van Psammophis leucogaster Spawls, 1983 (Colubridae: Psammophini)'. In: Litteratura Serpentium 6(5):179-189.

Böhme and Schneider, 1987
W. Böhme and B. Schneider, Zur Herpetofaunistik Kameruns (III) mit Bescreibung einer neuen Cardioglossa (Anura: Arthropleptidae), Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 38 (1987), pp. 241–263.

Boulenger 1891
Boulenger, George A. 1891. Catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Barbary (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia), based chiefly upon the notes and collections made in 1880-1884 by M. Fernand Lataste. Tr. Zool. Soc. 13: 93-164

Boulenger 1895
Boulenger, G.A. 1895. An account of the reptiles and batrachians collected by Dr. A. Donaldson Smith in western Somaliland and the Galla Country. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1895: 530-540

Boulenger, 1896
G.A. Boulenger, Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History) vol. 3, Taylor and Francis, London (1896).

Bourgeois, 1968
M. Bourgeois, Contribution à la morphologie comparée du crâne des Ophidiens de l’Afrique Centrale, Publications de l’Université Officielle du Congo vol. XVIII (1968), pp. 1–293.

Branch 1988
Bill Branche's Field Guide to the Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. London, New Holland.

Branch, 1998
W.R. Branch, A Field Guide to the Snakes and other Reptiles of Southern Africa, Struik Publishers, Cape Town (1998).

Brandstätter, 1995
Brandstätter, F., 1995. Eine Revision der Gattung Psammophis mit Berücksichtigung der Schwestergattungen innerhalb der Tribus Psammophiini (Colubridae: Lycodontinae). Teil 1: Die Gattungen und Arten der Tribus Psammophiini. Teil 2: Rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen zur Schuppenultrastruktur bei den Arten der Tribus Psammophiini mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Arten der Gattung Psammophis. Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften, Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken, 480 pp.

Broadley 1959
The snakes of Southern Rhodesia. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. Cambridge, Mass.The Museum, v.120 (1959): http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/26730
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Broadley 1961
Donald G. Broadley. A Provisional Check List of the Snakes of Rhodesia and
Nyasaland, incorporating proposed English names for species. The Journal of the Herpetological Society of Rhodesia, No. 15, June 1961, p. 3-6
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Broadley, Donald G. 1961
Three new snakes added to the Southern Rhodesia list. The Journal of the Herpetological Association of Rhodesia 15 (June 1961)
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Broadley, 1966
D.G. Broadley, A review of the African Stripe-bellied Sand-snakes of the genus Psammophis, Arnoldia (Rhod.) 2 (1966), pp. 1–9.

Broadley, 1971
D.G. Broadley, A review of Rhamphiophis acutus (Günther) with the description of a new subspecies from Zambia (Serpentes: Colubridae), Arnoldia (Rhod.) 5 (1971), pp. 1–8.

Broadley, 1975
D.G. Broadley, A review of Psammophis leightoni and Psammophis notostictus in Southern Africa (Serpentes: Colubridae), Arnoldia (Rhod.) 7 (1975), pp. 1–17.

Broadley, 1977a
D.G. Broadley, A review of the Genus Psammophis in southern Africa (Serpentes: Colubridae), Arnoldia (Rhod.) 8 (1977), pp. 1–29.

Broadley, 1977b
D.G. Broadley, A revision of the African snakes of the genus Psammophylax Fitzinger (Colubridae), Occ. Pap. Natl. Mus. Rhod., Ser. B 6 (1977), pp. 1–44.

Broadley, 1983
D.G. Broadley, FitzSimons’ Snakes of Southern Africa revised ed., Delta Books, Johannesburg (1983).

Broadley, 1987.
D.G. Broadley, Caudal autotomy in African Snakes of the Genera Natriciteres LOVERIDGE and Psammophis BOIE. The Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa. Vol. 33, Issue 1, p. 18-19. 1987. 
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Broadley and Howell, 1991
D.G. Broadley and K.M. Howell, A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys, Syntarsus 1 (1991), pp. 1–70.

Broadley and Hughes, 2000
D.G. Broadley and B. Hughes, A revision of the African genus Hemirhagerrhis Boettger 1893 (Serpentes: Colubridae), Syntarsus 6 (2000), pp. 1–17.

Broadley, Donald G. 2002.
A review of the species of Psammophis Boie found south of Latitude 12° S (Serpentes: Psammophiinae). African Journal of Herpetology, 2002 51(2): 83-119.
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Abstract.

Buck 2005
Linda B. Buck. Unraveling the Sense of Smell (Nobel Lecture). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2005, 44, 6128 – 6140
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Butler 1993
Joseph A. Butler, 1993. Seasonal Reproduction in the African Olive Grass Snake, Psammophis phillipsi (Serpentes:Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 27, No. 2 (Jun., 1993), pp. 144-148.
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Caro e.a. 2011
Tim Caro, Owen ‘Squack’ Evans, Emily Fitzherbert, Toby A. Gardner, Kim Howell, Robert Drewes and H. Bradley Shaffer. Reptiles of Katavi National Park, western Tanzania, are from different biomes. African Journal of Ecology 49: 377–382
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Carranza et al., 2006
S. Carranza, E.N. Arnold and J.M. Pleguezuelos, Phylogeny, biogeography, and evolution of two Mediterranean snakes, Malpolon monspessulanus and Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Squamata, Colubridae), using mtDNA sequences, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 40 (2006), pp. 532–546.

Cawardine 1988
Mark Carwardine. The Nature of Zambia: A Guide to Conservation and Development. Conservation and Development Center, IUCN, Switzerland, Rev. and repr. 1988. (Orig. 1987)

Chandra & Gajbe 2005
Kailash Chandra and Pawan U. Gajbe. An inventory of herpetofauna of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Zoos' Print journal 20(3): 1812-1819.
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Colli 2016
Cesare Colli. Another case of cannibalism in Psammophis sibilans? 2016

Chippaux, 2001
J.-P. Chippaux, Les serpents d’Afrique occidentale et centrale, IRD Éditions, Paris (2001).

Chirio and Ineich, 1991
Chirio, L., Ineich, I. 1991. Les genres Rhamphiophis Peters, 1854 et Dipsina Jan, 1863 (Serpentes: Colubridae): revue des taxons reconnus et description d’une espèce nouvelle. Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat., Paris., 4e sér., 13A, 217-235.
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Colli 2007
Cesare Colli, Breeding Malpolon monspessulanus monspessulanus(Montpellier snake). Litteratura Serpentium, Volume 27: 2 (2007). page 69-73.
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Comazzi and Colli, 2007
C. Comazzi & C. Colli, The Snakes of the Genus Psammophis. Part 1: Biology and Systematics. - Reptilia (55): 72-79.
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Comazzi and Colli, 2008
Carlo Comazzi and Cesare Colli. The Snakes of the Genus Psammophis. Part 2: Captive Breeding, 2008 - Reptilia (56): 72-77.
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Corkill 1935
N.L. Corkill, M.D., A guide to the species represented in the collection in the natural history museum Khartoum. Sudan Government Museum (Natural History) Publication no. 3. August, 1935
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Cottone, Amanda M. , Aaron M. Bauer, 2008a
Prey excavation by Psammophylax rhombeatus rhombeatus (Colubridae: Psammophiinae) from South Africa.
Herpetological Bulletin, 103.
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Cottone, Amanda M. and Aaron M. Bauer. 2008b
Tail autotomy. Psammophylax r. rhombeatus (Linnaeus, 1758) and Psammophis spp.
Rhombic Skaapsteker and Sand Snakes.
African Herp News 44, April 2008.
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Cottone, Amanda M. and Aaron M. Bauer. 2008c
Psammophylax r. rhombeatus (Linnaeus, 1758). Rhombic Skaapsteker. Behaviour.
African Herp News 44, April 2008.
Abstract
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Amanda M. Cottone, Aaron M. Bauer, 2009
Sexual size dimorphism, diet, and reproductive biology of the Afro-Asian Sand Snake, Psammophis schokari (Psammophiidae).
Amphibia-Reptilia 30 (2009): 331-340
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Cottone & Bauer 2009b
Amanda M. Cottone, Aaron M. Bauer. Self-rubbing and substrate marking by the Rhombic Skaapsteker, Psammophylax rhombeatus rhombeatus (LINNAEUS, 1758). Short Note, Herpetozoa 21 (3/4) Wien, 30. Jänner 2009
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Cottone, Amanda M.  and Aaron M. Bauer, 2010
Sexual Dimorphism, Diet, Reproduction, and Their Geographic Variation in Sympatric Psammophiids, Psammophis crucifer and Psammophylax rhombeatus rhombeatus, from Southern Africa.
Copeia, Volume 2010, Issue 4 (December 2010)
Abstract.
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Cottone, Amanda M. & and Aaron M. Bauer, 2011
Variably occurring parietal pits in psammophiid snakes (Squamata: Serpentes): convergent expression of ancestral skin traits?
Herpetology Notes, volume 4: 381-385 (2011) (published online on 7 November 2011)
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Cottone and Bauer 2013
Amanda M. Cottone and Aaron M. Bauer. The Vernal Spatial Ecology and Mating Behaviors of the Rhombic Skaapsteker, Psammophylax rhombeatus rhombeatus (Serpentes: Psammophiidae), from the Western Cape, South Africa. Copeia, 2013(2):194-200. 2013.
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Darevsky 1956
Darevsky, I. S. (1956). O stroyenni i funktsionirovani nosovoy zhelezy u yashtsheritsnoy zmei Malpolon monspessulanus Herm. (Reptilia, Serpentes)(On the structure and function of the nasal gland in the lizard snake). Zool. Zh.-Moskva, 35, 312-314.
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De Haan 1982
Haan, C.C. de, 1982. 'Description du comportement de 'frottement' et notes sur la reproduction et la fonction maxillaire de la Couleuvre de Montpellier Malpolon monspessulanus. Remarques comparatives avec Malpolon moilensis et Psammophis spp. Bull. Soc. Herp. France, No. 23:35-49 / Errata: No. 25:69.

De Haan 1999
de Haan, C. 1999. Malpolon monspessulanus. In: Böhme, W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, pp. 661-756.. Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden.
There is a Word document (*.doc) wherein several large parts of the originial German text are translated in English. In blue text the untranslated German parts are between the translated parts, so that the document is complete. Ask for it in a mail to the webmaster.
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De Haan 2003
Extrabuccal infralabial secretion outlets in Dromophis, Mimophis and Psammophis species (Serpentes, Colubridae, Psammophiini). A probable substitute for ‘self-rubbing’ and cloacal scent gland functions, and a cue for a taxonomic account. C. R. Biologies 326 (2003) 275–286
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De Haan 2003b
Cornelius C. de Haan. Sense-organ-like parietal pits found in Psammophiini (Serpentes, Colubridae). C. R. Biologies 326 (2003) 287–293.
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De Haan & Cluchier, 2006
Cornelius C. de Haan, Alexandre Cluchier, Chemical marking behaviour in the psammophiine snakes Malpolon monspessulanus and Psammophis phillipsi. Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica. pp. 211-212 (2006)
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De Pury 2010
Pury,Stéphanie de. Analysis of the Rubbing Behaviour of Psammophiids: A Methodological Approach. Diss. Bonn, 2010.
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De Pury & Böhme 2013
De Pury, Stéphanie & Wolfgang Böhme (2013): A contribution to the understanding of the self-rubbing behaviour in psammophiid snakes (Squamata: Psammophiidae). - Salamandra 49(1) 18–30.
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Deufela and Cundall 2006
Alexandra Deufel and David Cundall, 2006. Functional plasticity of the venom delivery system in snakes with a focus on the poststrike prey release behaviors. Zoologischer Anzeiger 245 (2006) 249–267

Drewes and Spawls 1973
Drewes,R.C. & Spawls,S. 1973. The occurrence of the colubrid snake, Psammophis pulcher, in Kenya. Herpetologica 29: 306-307
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Dunson e.a. 1978
Dunson, W. A., M. K. Dunson & A. D. Keith (1978): The nasal gland of the Montpellier Snake Malpolon monspessulanus: Fine structure, secretion composition, and a possible role in reduction of dermal water loss. – Journal of Experimental Zoology, 203: 461–474.
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Ernst e.a. 1999
Carl H. Ernst, Trooper Walsh and Arndt F. Lammerzahl, 1999. Reproduction of the Rufous-Beaked snake, Rhamphiophis oxyrhynchus (Colubridae, Lamprophiinae). British Herpetological Society Bulletin, No. 66.
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Fischer and Lindenmayer 2000
J. Fischer , D.B. Lindenmayer, An assessment of the published results of animal relocations. Biological Conservation, Volume 96, Issue 1, November 2000, Pages 1–11.
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Fitzsimons and Brain 1958
Fitzsimons, V. and C.K. Brain, 1958. A Short Account of the Reptiles of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park. Koedoe - African Protected Area Conservation and Science
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Flemming 1994
A.F. Flemming. Reproductive cycles of the snakes Psammophis crucifer, P. leightoni trinasalis and P. notostictus (Serpentes: Colubridae) in the Orange Free State, South Africa. J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr. 43: 19–27.
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Flemming, A. F. and R. M. Douglas 1997.
The reproductive cycle of Psammophylax r. rhombeatus (Serpentes: Colubridae) in the Free State. Proceedings of the Third Herpetological Association of Africa Symposium 1:164.

Folstad and Karter 1992
Ivar Folstad and Andrew John Karter. Parasites, 1992. Bright Males, and the Immunocompetence Handicap. The American Naturalist, Vol. 139, No. 3 (Mar., 1992), pp. 603-622
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Franch & San Sebastián 2013
Marc Franch and Olatz San Sebastián. A case of cannibalism by an extra large female of Malpolon monspessulanus (Montpellier snake) in the Iberian Peninsula. Herpetology Notes, volume 6: 379-380 (2013) (published online on 23 August 2013)
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Freedman e.a. 2008 (Click for full text)
Adam H. Freedman, Wolfgang Buermann, Matthew Lebreton, Laurent Chirio and Thomas B. Smith. 2008. Modeling the Effects of Anthropogenic Habitat Change on Savanna Snake Invasions into African Rainforest. Conservation Biology, Volume 23, No. 1, 81–92
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Fry e.a. 2003
Bryan G. Fry, Wolfgang Wüster, Sheik Fadil Ryan Ramjan, Timothy Jackson, Paolo Martelli and R. Manjunatha Kini. Analysis of Colubroidea snake venoms by liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry: evolutionary and toxinological implications. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2003; 17: 2047–2062.
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Fry e.a. 2012
Bryan G. Fry, Nicholas R. Casewell, Wolfgang Wüster, Nicolas Vidal, Bruce Young, Timothy N.W. Jackson. The structural and functional diversification of the Toxicofera reptile venom system. Toxicon 60 (2012) 434–448.
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Gasc et al., 1997
Gasc, J.P., Cabela, A., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Dolmen, D., Grossenbacher, K., Haffner, P., Lescure, J., Martens, H., Martínez Rica, J.P., Maurin, H., Oliveira, M.E., Sofianidou, T.S., Veith, M., Zuiderwijk, A. (Eds.), 1997. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Europe. In: Collection Patrimoines Naturels, vol. 29. Societas Europaea Herpetologica, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle & Service du Petrimone Naturel, Paris.

Geniez et al., 2006
P. Geniez, A. Cluchier and C.C. de Haan, A multivariate analysis of the morphology of the colubrid snake Malpolon monspessulanus in Morocco and Western Sahara: biogeographic and systematic implications, Salamandra 42 (2006), pp. 65–82.

Glaw and Vences, 1994
F. Glaw and M. Vences, A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of Madagascar (second ed.), Vences and Glaw, Köln (1994).

Goodman & Hobbs 1994
Steven M. Goodman & Joseph J. Hobbs. The distribution and ethnozoology of reptiles of the northern portion of the Egyptian eastern desert. J. Ethnobiol. 14(1):75-100.
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Gravlund, 2001
P. Gravlund, Radiation within the advanced snakes (Caenophidia) with special emphasis on African opistoglyph colubrids, based on mitochondrial sequence data, Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 72 (2001), pp. 99–114.

Günther 1864
Albert C. L. G. Günther. The reptiles of British India. London, published for the Ray Society by Robert Hardwicke, 1864
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Günther 1888
A. Günther. Contribution to the Knowledge of Snakes of Tropical Africa. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History; Zoology, Botany, and Geology being a Continuation of the Annals combined with Loudon and Charlesworth's Magazine of Natural History. London,Taylor and Francis, Ltd.
6th ser. v. 1 (1888): http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84521
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Håkansson 2009
N. Thomas Håkansson. Reptiles and amphibians from the Kenyan coastal hinterland. Number 107 - Herpetological Bulletin [2009]
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Håkansson 1981
An annotated checklist of reptiles known to occur in the Gambia. Journal of herpetology, Vol. 15 (April 30, 1981), pp. 155-161.
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Hartmann, Timo, Markus Handschuh and Wolfgang Böhme, 2011 First record of Psammophis indochinensis Smith, 1943 from Cambodia, within the context of a distributional species account. Cambodian Journal of Natural History, July 2011 Vol 2011 No. 1
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Hoogmoed and Avila-Peres 2011
Hoogmoed, M. S. & T. C. S. Avila-Pires, 2011. A case of voluntary tail autotomy in the snake Dendrophidion dendrophis (Schlegel,1837 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Naturais 6(2): 113-117.
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Hoser 2012
Raymond T. Hoser. A division of the African Genus Psammophis Boie, 1825 into 4 genera and four further subgenera (Serpentes: Psammophiinae). Australasian Journal of Herpetology 12:26-31. Published 30 April 2012.
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Hughes 1983
B. Hughes. African snake faunas. Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 34 (1983), Heft 1-3
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Hughes, 1999
B. Hughes, Critical review of a revision of Psammophis (Linnaeus 1758) (Serpentes, Reptilia) by Frank Brandstätter, Afr. J. Herpetol. 48 (1999), pp. 63–70.

Hughes and Wade, 2002
B. Hughes and E. Wade, On the African leopard whip snake, Psammophis leopardinus Bocage, 1887 (Serpentes, Colubridae), with the description of a new species from Zambia, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Zool.) 68 (2002), pp. 75–81.
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Hughes, 2004a
B. Hughes, Misidentification of Dromophis lineatus (Dumèril & Bibron, 1854) as Psammophis sibilans (Linnè 1758) and the perpetuation of error, Afr. J. Herpetol. 53 (2004), pp. 63–76.
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Hughes and Wade, 2004b
B. Hughes and E. Wade, Is Psammophis sibilans occidentalis Werner, 1919 a junior synonym of P. phillipsii (Hallowell, 1844)?, Herpetozoa 16 (2004), pp. 127–132.
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Husemann e.a. 2014.
Martin Husemann,Thomas Schmitt, Frank E. Zachos, Werner Ulrich, Jan Christian Habel. Palaearctic biogeography revisited: evidence for the existence of a North African refugium for Western Palaearctic biota. Journal of Biogeography, Volume 41,Issue 1, pages 81-94, January 2014. Article first published online: 2 AUG 2013.
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Hussien & Hussein 2013
Nahed A. Hussien and Rehab M. Hussein, 2013. Morphological and Molecular Polymorphism of Snake Psammophis schokari (Colubridae) in the Desert-Mountain and Coastal Areas of Egypt. World Applied Sciences Journal 27 (8): 996-1004, 2013
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Ibrahim 2008
Adel A. Ibrahim. Amphibians and reptiles of the Suez Canal University campuses, Egypt. Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science at Suez, Suez Canal University, Egypt. Herpetological Bulletin [2008] Number 105
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Ibrahim 2013
Adel A. Ibrahim. The Herpetology of the Suez Canal Zone, Egypt. Vertebrate Zoology 63(1):87-110
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Ineich e.a. 2014
Ivan Ineich, Laurent Chirio, Maurice Ascani, Thomas Rabeil and John Newby, 2014. Herpetofauna of Termit Massif and neighbour areas in Tenere Desert, southeastern Niger, West Africa. Herpetology Notes, volume 7: 375-390 (2014)
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Ingle and Sarsavan 2013
Mukesh Ingle and Anil Sarsavan. First record of Leith’s Sand Snake (Psammophis leithii, Gunther, 1869) from Sheopur district, Madhya Pradesh, India. International Journal of Environment & Animal Conservation, Year-2013; Volume-02; Issue-01.
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Isemonger1968
Isemonger, R.M., 1968. Snakes of Africa. Books of Africa Ltd, Cape Town. Mask Reprint Edition, 1983.

 

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Jain a.o. 2011
Anita Jain, SS Katewa, SK Sharma, Praveen Galav & Vartika Jain, 2011. Snakelore and indigenous snakebite remedies practiced by some tribals of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 10(2), April 2011, pp. 258-268.
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Joger, 1981
U. Joger, Zur Herpefaunistik Westafrikas, Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 32 (1981), pp. 297–340.

Juergens et. al. 2012
Juergens, N., et al., Ecology and spatial patterns of large-scale vegetation units within the central Namib Desert, Journal of Arid Environments (2012), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2012.09.009
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Kaiser e.a. 2013
Kaiser, H., Crother, B. I., Kelly, C. M. R., Luiselli, L., O’Shea, M., Ota, H., Passos, P. Schleip, W. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best practices: in the 21st Century, taxonomic decisions in herpetology are acceptable only when supported by a body of evidence and published via peer-review. Herpetological Review 44, 8-23.
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Kark, Warburg & Werner, 1997
Kark, Salit, Ittai Warburg & Yehudah L. Werner. Polymorphism in the snake Psammophis schokari on both sides of the desert edge in Israel and Sinai. Journal of Arid Environments (1997) 37: 513–527
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Kelly e.a. 2008
Kelly, Christopher M.R., Nigel P. Barker, Martin H. Villet, Donald G. Broadley, William R. Branch. The snake family Psammophiidae (Reptilia: Serpentes): Phylogenetics and species delimitation in the African sand snakes (Psammophis Boie, 1825) and allied genera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 47, Issue 3, June 2008, Pages 1045-1060
Abstract: click here.
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Kelly e.a. 2009
Kelly, Christopher M. R., Nigel P. Barkera, Martin H. Villetb and Donald G. Broadley, 2009. Phylogeny, biogeography and classification of the snak.e superfamily Elapoidea: a rapid radiation in the late Eocene. Cladistics 25 (2009) 38–63.
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Khan 2014
Muhammad Sharif Khan, 2014. Herpetology of Pakistan, Field Guide Series, Colubridae.
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Khanoon and Zahardnicek 2015
Eraqi R. Khannoon and Oldrich Zahradnicek. Postovipositional development of the sand snake Psammophis sibilans (Serpentes:Lamprophiidae) in comparison with other snake species`. Acta Zoologica (Stockholm) 98: 144–153 (April 2017).
Abstract.

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Kumbhar Amol, Pradhan Anup, Patwardhan Gaurang, Pande Anant, Lahkar Dipankar. Note on Observed Snakes in Satpura Tiger Reserve and Record of Psammophis Longifrons Boulenger, 1896 Madhya Pradesh, India. Universal Journal of Environmental Research and Technology Volume 2, Issue 4: 362-365.
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Lahav & Dmi'el 1996
Lahav, S. & R. Dmi'el. Skin resistance to water loss in colubrid snakes: ecological and taxonomical correlations. – Ecoscience, 3: 135–139.
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Lanza, 1990
B. Lanza, Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: checklist and biogeography, Biogeographia 14 (1990), pp. 407–465.

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Raúl León, Gabriel Martínez & Baudilio Rebollo. Comportamiento defensivo inusual observado en la falsa cobra (Rhageris moilensis) en el suroeste de Marruecos. Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp. (2013) 24(2)
Original Spanish: León e.a. 2013. Video: http://www.herpetologica.org/BAHE/bahe24%C2%B7V2-%5BHN07%5D%20Anexo.avi. Or click here (mp4).
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Leviton and Anderson 2013.
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Lijf 2015
Lijf, Remco van, 2015. Some experiences with hatchlings of the Moila Snake (Rhagerhis moilensis). Published on this website.

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A. Loveridge, Revision of the African snakes of the genera Dromophis and Psammophis, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 87 (1940), pp. 1–69.

Loveridge 1955
On snakes Collected in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan by J.S. Owen, Esq. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1955.

Luiselli et al., 2004
L. Luiselli, G.C. Akani, F.M. Angelici, E.A. Eniang, L. Ude and E. Politano, Local distribution, habitat use, and diet of two supposed ‘species’ of the Psammophis ‘phillipsi’ complex (Serpentes: Colubridae), sympatric in southern Nigeria, Amphibia–Reptilia 25 (2004), pp. 415–423.
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Lumsden e.a. 2004
Natalie G. Lumsden, Bryan G. Fry, R. Manjunatha Kini, Wayne C. Hodgson. In vitro neuromuscular activity of ‘colubrid’ venoms: clinical and evolutionary implications. Toxicon 43 (2004) 819–827.
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Lumsden a.o. 2005
Lumsden, N.G., Ventura, S., Dauer, R. & Hodgson, W.C. A biochemical and pharmacological examination of Rhamphiophis oxyrhynchus (Rufous beaked snake) venom. Toxicon official journal of the International Society on Toxinology 45, 219-231 (2005).
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Lumsden a.o. 2007
Lumsden NG, Banerjee Y, Kini RM, Kuruppu S, Hodgson WC (March 2007). "Isolation and characterization of rufoxin, a novel protein exhibiting neurotoxicity from venom of the psammophiine, Rhamphiophis oxyrhynchus (Rufous beaked snake)". Neuropharmacology 52 (4).
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Maritz 2007
Bryan Maritz. The distribution and abundance of herpetofauna on a Quaternary aeolian dune deposit: Implications for Strip Mining. Diss. Johannesburg 2007
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Martin e.a. 2007
Lynn B. Martin, Zachary M. Weil and Randy J. Nelson, 2007. Seasonal changes in vertebrate immune activity: mediation by physiological trade-offs. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B (2008) 363, 321–339
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Hymen Marx. Checklist of The Reptiles and Amphibians of Egypt. Special Publication United States Naval Medical Research Unit Number Three Cairo, Egypt U. A. R. 1968
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Hymen Marx. The Colubrid Snake, Psammophis schokari, from the Arabian Peninsula. Zoology, NEW SERIES, NO. 40
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Masood 2005
Masood, Mostafa Fathy, 2005. Ecological and Taxonomical Studies on some Egyptian Species of the Family Colubridae. Zoology. 2005.
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Masood 2012a
Mostafa Fathy Masood. Ecological distribution of snakes' fauna of Jazan region of Saudi Arabia. Egypt. Acad. J. Biolog. Sci., 4(1): 183-197
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Masood & Asiry 2012b
Mostafa Fathy Masood & Ahmed Ali Asiry. Ecological studies on diversity of Herpetofauna in Asir region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Egypt. Acad. J. Biolog. Sci., 4(1): 143-163 (2012).
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Psammophylax r. rhombeatus (Linnaeus, 1754). African Herp News 44, April 1988, p. 16.
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Indirect effects of large herbivores on snakes in an African savanna. Douglas J. McCauley, Felicia Keesing, Truman P. Young, Brian F. Allan, and Robert M. Pringle. Ecology, 87(10), 2006, pp. 2657–2663. 2006
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Mendelson 1993
Mendelson J. R. (1993), “Comparison of the caudal morphology of fragile-tailed colubrid snakes,” in: Abstrs. Sec. World Confress Herp., Adelaide, p. 170.

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 Psammophis elegans, eine bemerkenswerte „Sandrenn-Natter" aus Westafrika. Salamandra (1) 18-21 Frankfurt am Main, 15.3.1973
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Miralles, Aurélien  & Ivan Ineich, 2006
Presence of gular and parietal pits in Atretium schistosum (Serpentes, Colubridae), a singular trait not exclusive to psammophine snakes. C. R. Biologies 329 (2006) 180–184
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Moore and Jessop 2003
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Angaben über einige Amphibien- und Reptilienfunde in Jordanien. Die Eidechse 6(14): 17-19
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Snakes of Amravati District including Melghat, Maharashtra, with important records of the Indian egg eater, Montane trinket snake and Indian smooth snake.  Zoos' Print Journal, 22 (12: 2920-2924:
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Nielsen & Conradie 2011
Nielsen, Stuart V. & Werner Conradie, Psammophis Boie, 1827, African Whip Snakes, Mortality. In: African Herp News 55, December 2011, p. 17-18.
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Ostanek & Jagar 2017
Erika Ostanek and Tomaz Jagar. Rhagerhis moilensis, egg incubation and care for juvenile snakes. Original publication on this site.

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Pawlak e.a. 2006
Joanna Pawlak, Stephen P. Mackessy, Bryan G. Fry, Madhav Bhatia, Gilles Mourier, Carole Fruchart-Gaillard, Denis Servent, Renée Ménez, Enrico Stura, André Ménez, and R. Manjunatha Kini. Denmotoxin, a Three-finger Toxin from the Colubrid Snake Boiga dendrophila (Mangrove Catsnake) with Bird-specific Activity. The Journal of Biological Chemistry Vol. 281, No. 39, pp. 29030–29041, September 29, 2006.
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Peters 1861
Wilhem Carl Hartwig Peters. On the Asiatic snake called Taphrometopon lineolatum by Professor Brandt. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1861:47-50 (1861)
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Peters 1881
Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig. Herpetologische Mittheilungen (Excrescenzen des Männchens von Rana gigas Blyth in der Paarungszeit, Psammophis biseriatus und breviceps, Dinodon cancellatum Dum. Bibr. = Lycodon rufozonatus Cantor, Lycodon napei Dum. Bibr. = Lycodon striatus Shaw, bau des Schädels von Uraeotyphlus oxyurus (Dum. Bibr.). Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, 1881, p. 87-91.
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Petzold, Hans-Günter, 1984. Aufgaben und Probleme bei der Erförschung der Lebensäusserungen der Niederen Amnioten (Reptilien). Berliner Tierpark Buch 38.

Pietersen e.a. 2013
Darren W. Pietersen, Errol W. Pietersen and Wulf D. Haacke. First herpetological appraisal of the Parque Nacional de Banhine, Gaza Province, southern Mozambique. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 3: 153–163.
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Pijpekamp 1996.
Bert van de Pijpekamp. Een kweek met de gevlekte skaapsteker, Psammophylax rhombeatus. Het Terrarium 14/6 (december 1996), p. 26-28
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Pommier & Haro, 2007
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Pyron e.a. 2011
R. Alexander Pyron, Frank T. Burbrink, Guarino R. Colli, Adrian Nieto Montes de Oca, Laurie J. Vitt, Caitlin A. Kuczynski, John J. Wiens. The phylogeny of advanced snakes (Colubroidea), with discovery of a new subfamily and comparison of support methods for likelihood trees. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58 (2011) 329–342
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Rato et al., 2007
C. Rato, J.C. Brito, M.A. Carretero, S. Larbes, B. Shacham and D.J. Harris, Phylogeography and genetic diversity of Psammophis schokari (Serpentes) in North Africa based on mitochondrial DNA sequences, Afr. Zool. 42 (2007), pp. 112–117.
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H.I. Rosenberg, S. Kinamon, E. Kochva and A. Bdolah, 1992. The secretion of Duvernoy's gland of Malpolon monspessulanus induces haemorrage in the lungs of mice. Toxicon, Vol. 30, Nr. 8, p. 920-924
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Abdel Hakim Saad and Nahla Shoukrey, 1988. Sexual Dimorphism on the Immune Responses of the Snake, Psammophis sibilans. Immunobiol., vol. 177, pp. 404-419 (1988)
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Sannolo e.a. 2014
Marco Sannolo and Francesca Gaati and Stefano Scali. First record of thanatosis behaviour in Malpolon monspessulanus (Squamata: Colubridae). Herpetology Notes, vol. 7:323 (2014)
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Santoni, s.a.
Christina Santoni. A Survey of Reptiles and Amphibians That Can Be Found At Abuko Nature Reserve, The Gambia.
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Sayed 2012
Nadia H. M. Sayed. Genetic Diversity among Eight Egyptian Snakes (Squamata-Serpents: Colubridae) Using RAPD-PCR. Life Science Journal, 2012: 9(1)
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Settles e.a. 2002
Gary S. Settles, Douglas A. Kester, Lori J. Dodson-Dreibelbis. The External Aerodynamics of Canine Olfaction. A chapter in Sensors and Sensing in Biology and Engineering, ed. F.G. Barth, J.A.C. Humphrey, and T.W. Secomb, Springer, Vienna & NY, 2002.
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Settles 2005
Settles, Gary S. Sniffers: Fluid-Dynamic Sampling for Olfactory Trace Detection in Nature and Homeland Security—The 2004 Freeman. Scholar Lecture. Journal of Fluids Engineering, March 2005, Vol. 127, p. 189-218.
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Schacham 2004
Boaz Shacham, Polymorphism in the schokari sand snake (Psammophis schokari) in the coastal sand dunes of Israel. The Alexander Silberman Institute for Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Diss. 2004.
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Shine & Koenig 2001
Richard Shine, Jennifer Koenig, 2001. Snakes in the garden: an analysis of reptiles ‘‘rescued’’ by community-based wildlife carers. Biological Conservation 102 (2001) 271–283
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Shine, Richard, William R. Branch, Jonathan K. Webb, Peter S. Harlow, and Terri Shine. 2006.
Sexual Dimorphism, Reproductive Biology, and Dietary Habits of Psammophiine Snakes (Colubridae) from Southern Africa. Copeia 2006(4):650-664. 2006
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Coleman Matthew Sheehy III. On the structure and function of tails in snakes: relative length and arboreality. A thesis presented to the graduate school of the University of Florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science. University of Florida, 2006

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Mona Sherif and Rahika El Ridi. Natural Cytotoxic Cell Activity in the Snake Psammophis sibilans. Immunobiol., vol. 184, pp. 348-358.
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Simoes a.o. 2016
Bruno F. Simões, Filipa L. Sampaio, Ronald H. Douglas, Ullasa Kodandaramaiah, Nicholas R. Casewell, Robert A. Harrison, Nathan S. Hart, Julian C. Partridge, David M. Hunt, and David J. Gower. Visual pigments, ocular filters and the evolution of snake vision. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 2016. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160816182620.htm.
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Spawls et al., 2002
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A.M. Steehouder. 'Herhaalde succesvolle kweek met de 'zandrenslang' Psammophis subtaeniatus sudanensis en opmerkingen over het poetsgedrag.' Litteratura Serpentium Vol.4 (3/4): 94-108 (ook in Lacerta 42 (10/11): 194-200).
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Steehouder 1984
A.M. Steehouder. Repeated successful breeding of the red striped sand snake Psammophis subtaeniatus sudanensis, and some remarks on the 'polishing behaviour' of this species.
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Steehouder 1987
Ton Steehouder, Enige ervaringen met de gevlekte skaapsteker (Psammophylax rhombeatus). Tijdschrift voor terrariumkunde en herpetologie, maandelijkse uitgave van de Tilburgse Terrarium Vereniging, jrg. 4, nr. 8 (maart 1987), p. 157-164.
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Steehouder1988
Ton Steehouder. 'Een tweede generatie zandslang.' Het Terrarium 5(10), mei 1988.
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Steehouder 1991
Ton Steehouder. Hoera, het is een tweeling! Het Terrarium 8(7): 144-147

Steehouder 1991b
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Steehouder 1992.
Ton Steehouder. 'Een geslaagde kruising van Psammophis sibilans en Psammophis subtaeniatus in het terrarium.' Litteratura Serpentium 12(5):134-146 (okt. 1992).
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Steehouder 1993
Ton Steehouder. Over het verschijnsel kannibalisme bij slangen.' Het Terrarium 11(3):50-59.
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Steehouder 1996.
Ton Steehouder. Over het poetsen van zandslangen, hagedisslangen en skaapstekers. Het Terrarium 15/6 (december 1996), p. 29-32
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Steehouder s.a.
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Steehouder&Habersaat 2013
Ton Steehouder and Michel-François Habersaat, 2013. Some Critical Notes on the Dissertation "Analysis of the Rubbing Behaviour of Psammophiids: A Methodological Approach" by Stéphanie De Pury (De Pury 2011). Published on the internet, on this website and on Scribd.
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Steehouder 2014a
Ton Steehouder, 2014. Self-rubbing of psammophiids. Critical remarks on "A Contribution to the understanding of the self-rubbing behaviour in psammophiid snakes (Squamata: Psammophiidae)" by Stéphanie de Pury & Wolfgang Böhme, Salamandra 49(1): 18–30 (2013).
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Steehouder 2014b
Ton Steehouder. An r or two. The curious case of the much misspelled genus Rhagerhis. Published on the internet, on this website and on Scribd.
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Steehouder 2015
Ton Steehouder. Breeding the Egyptian Sand Snake, Psammophis sibilans. Published on Researchgate.net and Academia.eu
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Steehouder 2015b
Ton Steehouder. Some remarks about the microstructure of the scale surface of Psammophiid snakes. April 2014.
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Steehouder, 2016a
Psammophis sibilans (LINNAEUS, 1758). Élevage du serpent des sables soufflant. Situla Revue Francophone d'Herpétoculture, No 28, 2016.
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Steehouder, 2016b
De kweek met Psammophis sibilans. Deel 1 / Breeding Psammophis sibilans. Part 1. Litteratura Serpentium, 36: 1. 2016. Part 2: Litteratura Serpentium 36:2, p. 45-57.

(Identical to Steehouder 2015).

Stejneger 1936
Leonhard Stejneger, 1936. Types of the Amphibian and Reptilian Genera Proposed by Laurenti in 1768. COPEIA 1936, NO.3 November 15, p. 133-141

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Kartik Sunagar, Timothy N. W. Jackson, Eivind A. B. Undheim, Syed. A. Ali , Agostinho Antunes and Bryan G. FryThe latest: Three-Fingered RAVERs: Rapid Accumulation of Variations in Exposed Residues of Snake Venom Toxins, by . Toxins 2013, 5(11), 2172-2208.
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Todd and Wassersug, 2010
Josie Todd and Richard Wassersug. Caudal pseudoautotomy in the Eastern Ribbon Snake Thamnophis sauritus. Amphibia-Retilia 31 (2010): 213-215.
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Klaus Ullenbruch, Olaf Grell & Wolfgang Böhme. Reptiles from southern Benin, West Africa, with the description of a new Hemidactylus (Gekkonidae), and a country-wide checklist. Bonn zoological Bulletin Volume 57 Issue 1 pp. 31–54 Bonn, April 2010
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Vidal, N., Delmas, A.-S., David, P., Cruaud, C., Couloux, A. & Hedges, S.B. (2007). The phylogeny and classification of caenophidian snakes inferred from seven nuclear protein-coding genes. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 330, 182–187.
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Vidal e.a 2008
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Yousefkhani e.a. 2014
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Bibliographical works

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