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Psammophylax variabilis GÜNTHER, 1893

Picture by Gary Brown.

Higher Taxa Lamprophiidae, Psammophiinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies Psammophylax variabilis variabilis GÜNTHER 1893
Psammophylax variabilis multisquamis LOVERIDGE 1932 
Common Names Grey-bellied Grass Snake, Grey-bellied skaapsteker 
Synonym Psammophylax variabilis GÜNTHER 1893: 557
Rhagerrhis tritaeniatus GÜNTHER 1863: 423
Trimerorhinus tritaeniatus — STERNFELD 1910: 55
Trimerorhinus tritaeniatus multisquamis LOVERIDGE 1932: 84
Psammophylax tritaeniatus festivus LAURENT 1956 (fide BROADLEY 1977)
Psammophylax tritaeniatus variabilis - LOVERIDGE 1957: 276
Psammophylax variabilis variabilis — AUERBACH 1987: 162
Psammophylax variabilis variabilis — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 27
Psammophylax variabilis — BROADLEY 1998
Psammophylax variabilis — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 568

Psammophylax variabilis multisquamis (LOVERIDGE 1932)
Trimerorhinus tritaeniatus multisquamis LOVERIDGE 1932: 84
Trimerorhinus tritaeniatus multisquamis — LOVERIDGE 1936: 36
Psammophylax tritaeniatus multisquamis — LAURENT 1956: 234
Psammophylax variabilis multisquamis — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 27
Psammophylax multisquamis — SPAWLS et al. 2001
Psammophylax multisquamis — CIMATTI 2006 
Distribution N Botswana (Chobe floodplain), N/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique.

Multisquamis: Highlands of Ethiopia, Kenya and N Tanzania, with a relict population in N Rwanda; Type locality: Nairobi, Kenya. Types: MCZ

Type locality: Shire Highlands, Malawi.
 
Description  
   
References
  • Auerbach,R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo] African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61.
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Cimatti, E. 2006. African Jewels: Tanzania on foot. Reptilia (GB) (46): 65-70 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1893. Report on a collection of reptiles and batrachians transmitted by Mr. H. H. Johnston, C. B., from Nyassaland. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1892: 555-558 [1892]
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Laurent,R.F. 1956. Contribution à l'herpetologie de la région des Grandes Lacs de l'Afrique centrale. Ann. Mus. Roy. Congo Belge (Sci. Zool.), 48: 1-390
  • Loveridge, Arthur 1929. East African reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (151): 1-135
  • Loveridge,A. 1932. New opisthoglyphous snakes of the genera Crotaphopeltis and Trimerorhinus from Angola and Kenya Colony. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 45: 83-86
  • Loveridge,A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2001. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147]
  • Sternfeld, R. 1910. Zur Schlangenfauna Deutsch-Südwestafrikas. Mehrere Fälle von Mimikry bei afrikanischen Schlangen. Mitt. zool. Mus. Berlin, 5: 51-60
 

Pictures

Picture by Gary Brown in the Facebook group East African Snakes & other reptiles. Picture by Gary Brown in the Facebook group East African Snakes & other reptiles.