|Derivatio nominis||Etymology: named after its distribution in Angola.|
|Common Names||Dwarf Sand Snake; Dwarf Whip Snake|
|Synonym||Amphiophis angolensis BOCAGE 1872: 82
Amphiophis angolense — GÜNTHER 1888: 334
Ablabes Homeyeri PETERS 1877: 620
Psammophis angolensis — BROADLEY 1959
Psammophis angolensis — AUERBACH 1987: 170
Psammophis angolensis — BROADLEY 1998
Psammophis angolensis — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 553
|Distribution||Zimbabwe, N Botswana, NE Republic of South Africa, S/C
Mozambique, NE Namibia, S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire),
Tanzania, Zambia, Angola, Malawi, Ethiopia (relict population);
elevation 0-1500 m.
Type locality: “Pungo Andongo” [Angola; Ablabes Homeyeri PETERS 1877]
Type locality: Dondo, Angola.
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
|Types||Holotype: ZMB 9209 [Ablabes Homeyeri PETERS 1877]|
|Description||Description (155 specimens examined): Nostril pierced
between 2 nasals; preocular 1, usually widely separated from frontal;
postoculars 2; temporals usually1+2; supralabials 8 (rarely 6, 7 or 9),
the fourth & fifth (rarely third & fourth, fourth only or fifth & sixth)
entering orbit; infralabials 8 (rarely 7 or 9), the first 4 (rarely 3 or
5) in contact with anterior sublinguals; dorsal scales in 11-11-11 rows
(9 in NMZB 1075 only); ventrals 133-157; cloacal shield divided;
subcaudals 58-80. Head dark brown, three narrow yellow transverse bands
posteriorly, supralabials white; neck dark brown with one or two grey
crossbands which broaden laterally, a dark brown black-edged dorsal band
three scales wide, greyish or yellowish laterally, sometimes with black
hairlines through the outer two scale rows. Ventrum and lower half of
outer scale row white or yellow, uniform or with an ill defined lateral
series of dark flecks, sometimes a midventral pale orange band present
[from BROADLEY 2002].
Size: up to 352 + 148 = 500 mm (1); "It grows to an average length of 30 cm and a maximum length of 50 cm."(2).
Lays between 3 and 5 eggs in
|Habitat||Widespread in savannas from sea level to 1500 m. (1)
"Its favoured habitat is moist savanna."(2)
Eaten by birds of prey (particularly secretary birds and snake eagles) and other snakes (2)
|Food||Eats lizards and frogs (2)|
|Picture by Ockert Groenewald, Facebook group Snakes of South Africa, March 2015. Potgietersrus, South Africa.||Picture by Botma in the Facebook group Snakes of South Africa, March 2015|
|Picture by Botma in the Facebook group Snakes of South Africa, March 2015|