Psammophis rukwae BROADLEY, 1966

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Subspecies Psammophis rukwae leucogaster SPAWLS 1983
Psammophis rukwae rukwae BROADLEY 1966 
Common Names Rukwa Sand Racer, Lake Rukwae Sand Snake
Synonym Psammophis sibilans rukwae BROADLEY 1966: 3
Psammophis rukwae rukwae — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 28
Psammophis rukwae — CHIRIO 2009
Psammophis rukwae leucogaster SPAWLS 1983
Psammophis leucogaster SPAWLS 1983
Psammophis rukwae leucogaster - BÖHME 1986
Psammophis sudanensis leucogaster — TRAPE & MANÉ 2006: 156
Psammophis leucogaster — ULLENBRUCH et al. 2010 
Types Type: BMNH 1980: 261 [leucogaster]
Holotype: NMSR 4212 
Comment Psammophis leucogaster has been described as a full species, but subsequently reduced to subspecific status by Böhme 1986. Some of the earlier Malian records of P. sibilans may be Psammophis rukwae leucogaster (Joger & Lambert 1996). Not listed by SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996.

Etymology (rukwae): Named after the type locality.

Etymology (leucogaster): The species is named in respect of its uniformly white ventral surface.

Diagnosis (leucogaster): A small Psammophis, differing from other known members of the genus by possession of the following combination of characters: 7 supralabials, 17 midbody scale rows, a single anterior temporal scale, an entire anal scale and an unmarked (uniformly white) ventral surface. 
  • Barnett, Linda K. & Emms, Craig 2005. Common reptiles of The Gambia. Rare Repro, Hailsham, East Sussex, 24 pp.
  • Böhme,W. 1986. Preliminary note on the taxonomic status of Psammophis leucogaster Spawls 1983. Litteratura Serpentium 6: 171-180
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1966. A review of the African stripe-bellied sand snakes of the genus Psammophis. Arnoldia (Rhodesia) 2 (36): 1-9
  • Broadley, D.G. 1993. Geographical Distribution - Psammophis rukwae rukwae Jour. Herp. Ass. Afr. (42): 42-42 - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. 2009. Inventaire des reptiles de la région de la Réserve de Biosphère Transfrontalière du W (Niger/Bénin/Burkina Faso: Afrique de l’Ouest). [Herpetological survey of the W Transfrontier Biosphere Reserve area (Niger/Benin/Burkina Faso: West Africa] Bull. Soc. Herp. France (132): 13-41 - get paper here
  • Leaché, Adam D.; Mark-Oliver Rödel, Charles W. Linkem, Raul E. Diaz, Annika<br />Hillers, and Matthe 2006. Biodiversity in a forest island: reptiles and amphibians of the Togo Hills, Kyabobo National Park, Ghana Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 22-45 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2001. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147]
  • Spawls,S. 1983. A new Psammophis from Northern Ghana. British Journal of Herpetology 6: 311-312
  • Trape, J.-F. & Mane, Y. 2006. Guide des serpents d’Afrique occidentale. Savane et désert. [Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger]. IRD Editions, Paris, 226 pp.
Pictures A specimen in the Natural History Museum of Denmark.