|Higher Taxa||Lamprophiidae, Psammophiinae, Serpentes (snakes)|
|Common Names||In the past P. s. subtaeniatus and P.
s. sudanensis were considered as subspecies, but the former appeared
to be problematic. Broadley (1977) renamed it to orientalis. At
the moment this orientalis is considered a separate species.
Kelly e.a. 2008: "There is some speculation on the validity of
sudanensis; the specimen on which the name is
based (the type of
Werner, 1919) was formerly allocated to
(Broadley, 1977a), but reinspection of the
specimen (by DGB) indicates that this name is probably valid."
And: "The ‘subtaeniatus’ complex (clade 9) contains five focal species: P. cf. sibilans (Ethiopian), P. rukwae, P. subtaeniatus, P. sudanensis, and P. orientalis."
|Synonym||Psammophis subtaeniatus sudanensis WERNER 1919
Psammophis subtaeniatus sudanensis — LOVERIDGE 1955
Psammophis subtaeniatus sudanensis — BROADLEY 1966
Psammophis sudanensis — SPAWLS et al. 2001
Psammophis sudanensis — CHIRIO & INEICH 2006
|Distribution||Central African Republic, Benin, Cameroon
Type locality: Kadugli, Sudan
According to Stephen Spawls, this species also occurs in Kenya. See his checklist. That means that the distribution as given by Broadly 2002 is too narrow. The discussion about the taxonomic place of each species goes on.
|Comment and video||"This morning an Eastern Stripe Bellied Sand Snake Psammophis orientalis
was brought in to the Snake Farm by one of the villagers from Jimba, an area on
the way to Gede, about 5 km West of Bio-Ken. It had been caught in a village
house where it had gone to sleep for the night. The Stripe Bellied Sand Snakes
in the Watamu – Malindi area belong to the Eastern group and differ from the
ones found in the Northern part of Kenya and especially the Rift Valley. These
are known as the Northern Stripe Bellied Sand Snake Psammophis sudanensis
and you can tell them apart by the fact that P. orientalis has no white marks
while P. sudanensis has several. The ESB Sand Snake is probably
the third most common snake in our immediate area. The Snake was released into
the wild in the bush behind Bio-Ken today."
Video from rndomn8 on Youtube, Northern Stripe Bellied Sand Snake (Psammophis) with a mouse at the Meserani Snake Park at Duka Bovi in Tanzania, Africa:
|Comment||Probably mildly venomous.
Hybridization: Psammophis sudanensis and P. sibilans appear to hybridize (BROADLEY 1966).
|Photo by James Barrah, made in Naboisho, Mara, Kenya.|
|Leejiah Dorward, Facebook group East African Snakes
and other Reptiles, 6 januari om 9:12
"Seen a few psammophis snakes being posted recently so thought I'd throw a few more into the mix. These have all been taken around Ruaha over the last year, I'm just heading back into the field so hopefully get a few more records.
Four different snakes pictured:
Pics 1-3 - First snake was hiding in some brush, never got a clear look at its size, nor a great picture of its body.
Pics 4-9 - A snake found dead on the road with a pretty messed up head, was 1.29m long, have some more measurements and scale counts if people are interested.
Pics 10-11 - Was just about to be fed to a juvenile western banded snake eagle by a parent, not great pictures but you can see the black ventral lines and general striping of the body that match the other individuals
Pic 12- I posted here ages ago and think the conclusion was an intermediate between sudanensis and mossambicus but I've included it for reference."
"I dont have my notebook on me (i'll check it later), but from notes I typed up: 6cm circumference midbody, 17 midbody scales, 166 ventral scales, 242 subcaudal scales (in total, not rows wasn't sure how to count them as they are offset not paired) and divided anal scale."